Presentation Details

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The Eleventh International Literacy and Education Research Network Conference on Learning

Teaching Interactive Reading and Writing: An Ethnographic Analysis

Eric Blancaflor Claravall, Mary Jane Louise Bolunia, Maria Teresa de Guzman.

Using ethnographic analysis, this study investigated the impact of the progran on children's learning process. Strengths and limitations of the program as applied to rural classroom setting in the Philippines were also underscored. The researchers conducted the following activities: 1) seminar-workshop; 2) trainor's actual demonstrations; 3) teaching demostrations by two selected teachers in grades 1 and 2; 4) Focused group discussion (FGD). Ethnographic data were collected from all these activities using participant observation, informal interview and FGD. The use of folk songs and oral traditions were incorporated in the interactive reading and favorable results were found in children's reading and writing behaviors. Teachers favored the adoption of the programto their curriculum because of the benefits it could give to primary grade students’ writing development. Here they saw the word-spelling, the sentence writing, the paragraph writing and the story writing are arranged hierarchically to produce a coherent and well written text. In a traditional method of teaching writing, these skills are taught in discrete procedures. Thus the teachers realized the value and the uniqueness of the Program should it be implemented in the next school year 2004-2005. They showed eagerness to have more research based training- workshops like this to upgrade their teaching skills. Finally, Vygotsky's Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) was used to model children's learning process in interactive reading and interactive writing.


Eric Blancaflor Claravall
special education teacher

Mary Jane Louise Bolunia  (Philippines)

University of the Philippines Manila

Maria Teresa de Guzman  (Philippines)

University of the Philippines Manila

  • Interactive reading and writing
  • Ethnographic analysis
  • Zone of proximal development

(30 min. Conference Paper, English)