A Practical Arts Program for Disadvantaged Students in Taiwan
Compulsory education offers general education and ends at middle school level in Taiwan. Although students after graduation from middle school usually go to high school, there are still some students who leave schooling for some reasons. The majority of them are disadvantaged students. It is a necessity to train these students with entry-level skills for job market. A practical arts program has been designed for these students since 1983. However, the program focused on obtaining narrowed entry-level skills. This means that students who enter this program may not have broad skills for job transfer and general competency for further education. From the viewpoint of sociology, this indicates that the social status duplication may be formed for these students from parents to students. The reform for practical arts program is needed under this situation. The paper describes basic principles to design new practical arts program and the contents of the program to ensure that students will gain broad skills and general competency.
Hsiao Hsi-Chi (Taiwan)
Department of Industrial Education
National Changhua University of Education
Dr. Hsi-Chi Hsiao is a professor at National Changhua University of Education. He got his Ph. D. at Indiana State University, USA. He has been department chair at NCUE and president at National Penghu Institute of Technology, Taiwan. He has published over 100 articles in the field of vocational education, engineering education, and curriculum development.
(30 min. Conference Paper, English)