Presentation Details

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The Eleventh International Literacy and Education Research Network Conference on Learning

Puerto Rican Bilingual Free Space

Dr A. Tina Wagle.

In this work, the researcher takes a critical look at a bilingual Spanish program in a low-income, urban institution, in which several Puerto Rican students are enrolled.
What actually occurs in the classroom does not measure up to what the goals of the program are and should be in order to maximize student achievement.
To this end, the program is Subtractive (Valenzuela) in its own right, and actually caters to the discouraging academic and socioeconomic reproduction of these students.
The space of the classroom serves as a free space (Boyte and Evans) for students to speak Spanish and enjoy their Puerto Rican heritage, which is socially beneficial. At the same time, however, this space allows students to remain isolated in their Spanish-speaking world, which does not further their necessary English skills for future academic and employment opportunities.


Dr A. Tina Wagle  (United States)
Assistant Professor
MAT Program Graduate Studies
Empire State College

  • Bilingual education
  • Puerto Ricans
  • Free Space

(30 min. Conference Paper, English)