Using Discussion Strategies to Actively Involve Students in the EFL Classroom
William W. Wilen.
Findings from major research studies conducted in the USA convincingly suggest how students learn best with implications about how teachers can instructionally accommodate them. Constructivism is the label we have given to characteristics common to findings from the best educational practices and elements of effective subject matter research. This view of learning and teaching assumes students come to make meaning and learn best when they make connections between what they know and the new information and to think about and apply new learnings while engaged in a variety of social interactive situations. The teacher is essential in facilitating this learning atmosphere and discussion is the instructional strategy that the literature suggests has high potential to facilitate this learning goal. Three varied and flexible discussion structures will be presented to demonstrate how constructivist ideals might be transformed into classroom practice. Specific illustrations of how the discussion structures can be applied in EFL classrooms will also be presented.
William W. Wilen (United States)
Professor of Education
Department of Teaching, Leadership & Curriculum Studies
Kent State University
Dr. Wilen is the author of four books on teacher education and numerous chapters and articles on his specialty: teacher questioning and the use of discussion in secondary classrooms.
(30 min. Conference Paper, English)