Teacher Preparation and the Nomadic Life Style of the "Bakhtiari Tribe" of Iran
Dr Cima Sedigh.
The objective of this paper is to examine how the "Bakhtiari Tribe" nomads of Iran educates its children and adolescents, and how teachers of the tribe are prepared. The Bakhtiaris are the largest and most purely Persian of all Iranian tribes. They belong to the lur race and their official language is Farsi, although they have their own dialect. It is estimated that there are about 180,000 Bakhtiaris in Iran, 80% of which are migratory and pastoral and other 20% agricultural and settled. For thousands of years, the annual migration of the Bakhtiari tribe, which takes from four to six weeks, begins in April when they move from their winter quarters to their summer pastures across wild and mountainous regions for search of grass for their cattle. Because of the especial nature of the tribe's lifestyle, education has assumed special characteristics that differentiate it from urban communities in Iran. The current educational system has evolved in response to the needs of the tribal community and its cultural heritage. This paper presents the results of a qualitative study of the educational system of one community of Bakhtiaris, which is located in a region about 100 miles south of Esfahan in Central Iran. The paper specially addresses (1) the cultural aspect of the tribe, (2) the history of tribal education, (3) the current educational system of the tribe, (4) the tribal education as it relates to the national educational system regulated by the Ministry of Education in Tehran, and (5) the qualification and the preparation of teachers for the tribe. The study was conducted by the presenter who lived in the community during three summers from 2001-2003. Slides of the Bakhtiari 's lifestyle will be shown.
Dr Cima Sedigh (United States)
Education Department College of Health & education
Sacred Heart University
(30 min. Conference Paper, English)